MySQL is an open source relational database management system (RDBMS). MySQL is free and open source software. It is not a programming language. It’s Database Management System (DBMS) software that is used to manage database. Since it is an open source software, we can use it for free.
We can also modify it and redistribute it. One can use the paid version of MySQL to get premium support and some premium features support. As per the business needs, you can use either paid or free version of MySQL.
MySQL name is a combination of My (name of co-founder Michael Widenius’s daughter) and SQL i.e. Structured Query Language. MySQL is a RDBMS (Relational Database Management System). It is a database in which data is stored in the form of tables and these tables are related to each other with the help of SQL joins. SQL is used to query data from database.
MySQL DBMS is very fast. It handles large amount of data in the database efficiently and faster. Because MySQL is efficient, fast, and open source software, it is becoming the most demanding software in the market.
Many database driven web applications like Drupal, Joomla uses MySQL. It is also used by many popular websites like Facebook, Twitter and Youtube. MySQL is written in C and C++.
MySQL is offered as a service by many cloud platforms. Application owners don’t have to worry about installation and maintenance of MySQL database. It is taken care by the database service providers. Application owners pay to the database service provider according to their usage. Some of the cloud based MySQL services are the Amazon Relational Database Service, Oracle MySQL Cloud Service, and Azure Database for MySQL, Scale Grid for MySQL, etc.
Many programming languages have libraries for accessing MySQL database. These include MySQL Connector/Net for integration with Microsoft’s Visual Studio and the JDBC driver for Java. Drivers also exist for languages like Python or Node.js.
MySQL is offered under two sections:
- Open Source MySQL Community Server
- Enterprise Server
Some of the important features of MySQL 5.6:
- It supports Stored Procedures, Cursors, Triggers, and Updatable Views.
- It supports Online Data Definition Language when using the InnoDB Storage Engine.
- It provides query caching feature.
- It provides Unicode Support.
- It supports transactions with savepoints when using the default InnoDB Storage Engine.
- It is ACID compliance when using InnoDB and NDB Cluster Storage engine.
- It has embedded database library.
Approximately after every two months, programmers or developers releases some minor updates of the MySQL server. You can check the MySQL website to get the sources.
So, we have got to know some features of MySQL DBMS. Also, we have come to know that MySQL is not a programming language. Instead, it is a Relational Database Management System (RDBMS). MySQL and SQL are also different. MySQL is a Database Management System whereas SQL i.e. Structured Query Language is the most commonly used language that is used to query the database. Both SQL and MySQL are in much demand in the market currently.